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CATULLUS' POETRY: PART OF AN INTERLINKING POETICAL SYSTEM

 


ODE 2

  • "deliciae" (v.1): -Cf. Virg. ( Bucolic 2,2 "Alexin delicias domini").
  • the habit to present a bird: -Cf. Propertius 3,13,32; Ovid ( Metamorphosis 10, 201).
  • sparrow sacred to Aphrodite: -Cf. Sappho (1D, 10 ).
  • "desiderio" (v.5): object of desire; -Cf. Cicero (Fam. 14, 2, 2 "mea lux, meum desiderium");
  • Petronius (139, 4 "tu desiderium meum, tu voluptas mea").
  • "nitenti" (v.5): -Cf. Horace (carm. 2, 5, 18 "chloris albo… humero nitens").

 

ODE 3

  • "Veneres cupidinesque" (v. 1): invite all the Gods to mourn; -Cf. Herodotus 7, 94;  Horace Carm." 1,19,1 ("mater saeva Cupidinum"); Plato Symposium 180 d; Cicero De nat. Deor. 3,23 ; Callimachus fr. 200 a Pf..
  • "Iter tenebricosum" (v.11): to descend to Hades;-Cf. Simia A.P. 7, 203 (for a partridge); Archia A.P. 7, 213 (for a cicada).
  • "unde negant redire quemquam" (v. 12): inevitability of Hades; -Cf. Theocritus 17, 20.
  • "tenebras orci" (v.14): -Cf. Lucretius 1,115.

 

ODE 5

  • "Vivamus" (v.1): in the sens of "enjoy living"; -Cf. Varr. Sat. 87 ("properate vivere puerae"); App.Verg. Copa, 38 ("mors aurem vellens <vivite-ait- venio>").
  • "Nox" (v. 6): synonym of "death"; -Cf. Homer Iliade 5, 310; Horace Carm.1, 4, 16;1, 28 15 ; Prop. 2, 15, 23.
  • "caducity of life": -Cf. Mimnermo Fr.2D, 3D; Sophocles Trach. 132-3; Horace Carm. 4, 7, 13.
  • "Invidere" (v.12): in the sense of "bringing bad luck"; -Cf. Cic. Tusc. 3, 20 ("a nimis intuendo fortunam alterius").

 

ODE 7

  • "harenae " (v. 3): compare with sand or dust that you cannot count; -Cf.Homer Iliade 9, 385.
  • "furtivos " (v. 8): allusion to clandestinity of Catullian love; -Cf. Mimnerno 1, D.,3.
  • "vesano satis et super Catullo est" (v.10): the passion is considerated madness because sweeps away feelings and reason; -Cf. Sappho 1, D., 18 .
  • "fascinare" (v.12 : "fascinum" (evil-eye) on the people or on the things, not only by the look, but by formulas and curses too ("malum carmen"); -Cf. Virgil Bucolic 7, 28 ("ne vati noceat mala lingua futuro").

 

ODE 8

  • "quod vides perisse perditum ducas" (v.2): -Cf. Plautus Trin., 1026 ("quin tu quod periit perisse ducis?").
  • "candidi soles" (v.8): "soles" is for "dies"; -Cf. Aesch. Pers. 301; Sophocles fr. 5 .
  • "fugit", "sectare" (v.10): -Cf. Sappho 1, 21, D; Theocr. 11, 75; Call. epigr. 31, 5.

 

ODE 11

  • "comites" (v.1): to travel with someone is a sign of a deep friendship; -Cf. Prop. 1, 6, 3; Horace Epod. 1, 11.
  • "septemgeminus" (v. 7): -Cf. Aeschylus fr. 300, 2 n2.
  • "horribilis" (v.11): related to Britons for their habits; -Cf. Caes. B.G. 5, 14: to hide one’s face with tatooes; Tac. Ann. 14, 30.
  • The likeness of the flower (vv.22-24): -Cf. Sappho fr.117 D; Verg. Aen. 9, 435.

 

ODE 51

See Sappho fr.2 DIEHL.

  • "otium" (v.13): life style that foments bad passions;-Cf. Euripides fr.322 1, N2 "the love is idle and made for idle people "; Theophrastus Stob. 4, 20, 66: ("molestia animi otiosi") Ovid Rem. Am. 139 e 143 ("otia si tollas periere cupidinis arcus…Venus otia amat)

 

ODE 70

  • Love‘s vulnerability and feminine’s habits in common with the Alexandrian poets Cf. Callimaco (25, 3 Pr) Horace (2, 8 )
  • "in vento et rapida scribere oportet aqua" (v. 4) Cf. Sophocles fr. 742 N2

 

ODE 75

  • "nec desistere amare" (v.4) Cf. Theognides 1091 D

 

ODE 76

  • "pium" (v.2) Cf. Ovid (ars.3, 15 "est pia Penelope lustris errante duobus et totidem lustris bella gerente viro")
  • "divum ad fallendos numine abusum" (v.4) Cf. Cicero (dom. 125 "ementiri fallere abuti deorum immortalium numine" )
  • "gaudia" ( v.6 ) Cf. Cic. ( De fin. 2,3,13 "gaudium non dicitur in corpore" )
  • "istinc" (v.11 ) Cf. Hor.( sat.1,4,131 "fortasse et istinc… abstulerit aetas" )
  • "subrepens… ut torpor" ( v.21 ) Cf. Sappho ( 2,10 D )

 

 

Nicola Franzon, Filippo Giordano, Giovanni Battista Graziani e Giordano Inversi