This word passed from its original meaning to its
at first it denoted an interior state of peace, as time went by its meaning became
negative: it became the free time of a single person. Catullus lived in literary OTIUM
his own choice and not forced like Sallustius was) and he didnt do anything for the
State: he belonged to Neoteroi, a group of poets interested only in lifes
10, 2 (Varus me meus ad suos amores uisum duxerat e
44,15 (et me recuraui otioque et urtica).
51,13 (otium, Catulle, tibi molestum est, otio
exsultas nimiumque gestis. Otium et reges
prius et beatas urbes perdidit).
68, 104 (otia pacato degeret in thalamo)
The word appears just once in the whole of Catullus "liber"
It is fundamental because it contains all the torment of a disappointed and resigned
Catullus: it summarizes the long crisis which marked the relationship between him and
72, 12 (quod amantem iniuria talis cogit amare magis, sed bene uelle minus).
In two poems both FIDES and FOEDUS occur together (they have the same etymological
origin). It is one of the most important key words in Catulluss poems.Rule-breaking
on the one hand, traditionalist because tied to old values, on the other, Catullus has a
strong consideration for the reciprocal FIDES, which of course doesnt come from his
experience as a Neoteros, but rather from his provincial origins.
FIDES is the reading key to nearly all the friendships which exist in the
30, 6 (eheu quid faciant, dic, homines cuiue habeant fidem?).
67, 8 (in dominum ueterem deseruisse fidem).
76, 3 (nec sanctam uiolasse fidem, nec foedere nullo).
The verb DILIGERE is important because it has many meanings: vulgar love or pure
6,5 (scorti diligis: hoc pudet fateri).
72,4 (sed pater ut gnatos diligit et generos).
76,23 (non iam illud quaero, contra me ut diligat
BENE VELLE is the opposite of "amare" because it rapresents a superior
BENE VELLE is affection with confidence.
72, 8 (cogit amare magis, sed bene velle minus).
75,3 (ut iam nec bene velle queat tibi).
FOEDUS is the relationship between Catullus and Lesbia. The FOEDUS is based on FIDES.
64, 335 (nullus amor tali coniunxit foedere amantes), 373 (accipiat
coniunx felici foedere diuam).
76, 3 (nec foedere nullo divum ad fallendos numine abusum homines).
87, 3 (nulla fides ullo fuit umquam foedere tanta).
109, 6 (aeternum hoc sanctae foedus amicitiae).
Francesca Consolini, Andrea Masotti e Carlo Pigozzi